Key Dates
May or June, 2022
Date
March, 2022
Abstract Submission Deadline
May or June, 2022
Online Registration Deadline
May or June, 2022
On-site Registration Dates

Registration/注册

张鹏

报告题目:

Computational and Experimental Study of Droplet Formation Process in Inkjet 3D Bio-printing of Gelatin Sol

报告人:

张鹏

所在单位:

哈尔滨工业大学机电工程学院

个人简介:

张鹏,男,哈尔滨工业大学副教授,工学博士,硕士生导师,美国普渡大学访问学者。主持并参与完成了国家自然科学基金、国家科技重大专项、国防基础科研、中国博士后、省、市基金等项目20多项;发表论文30余篇,其中SCI检索10篇,EI检索20多篇;申请国家发明专利36项,已授权21项。面向国家重大需求和国际学术前沿,开展超精密加工技术、精密光机电一体化装备、生物3D打印技术与装备等方面的研究工作。


Abstract

The droplet formation process in the 3D Bio-printing of Gelatin sol is studied because. Gelatin has good biocompatibility and temperature sensitivity, which are vital in biological tissue engineering and biological manufacturing. Gelatin sol as a bio-ink was put forward to meet the demand of 3D bio-printing, whose main ingredients were Gelatin and ultrapure water. Through the rheological experiments, we analyzed fluid characteristics and temperature sensitivity of Gelatin sol. In figure 1.i), the results show that the viscosity of the Gelatin sol is highly related to its temperature and concentration. With the decrease of the concentration or temperature, the viscosity dropped significantly. During the printing process, the droplet formation process at the nozzle is vital to printability and highly sensitive to material characteristics.

The droplet formed at the nozzle through numerical simulation was analyzed by three main parameters selected as variations according to fluid theories. In figure 1.ii), with the same time interval, the image presents the jetting process under different velocity, viscosity, and surface tension. The numerical simulation predicted the droplet formation process with different parameters and suggested the proper ranges of parameters to guarantee the formation of the droplet. By analyzing the simulation results and the rheological results, we controlled the temperature and concentration of the Gelatin sol to guarantee the viscosity at 75mPa•s, and the surface tension was 0.06N/m. In the inkjet 3D bio-printing experiments, the state of the formed droplet was controlled by changing the voltage applied on the piezo-ceramic drive. In figure 1.iii), there were obvious linear relationships between the variable voltage and the results velocity and diameter of the droplet, the increase of the drive voltage raises the velocity and the volume of the droplet simultaneously, which affect the printability and the resolution contrarily. We used voltage at 80V, pressure at 1.8~2.2kPa, frequency at 60Hz, and duty cycle at 6% as drive parameters and printed a vascular-like model with 19.23mm in height and 5.57mm in diameter as a verification of the controlled printing process. 



Figure 1. Rheological, numerical, and experimental results of Gelatin sol printing.